They ask civil society to maintain vigilance in the financing and processes of efficiency of spending in Education
Former Vice Minister of Education Victor Ricardo Sánchez made visible the importance of accountability to improve the education system at the National Seminar on fiscal policy and the human right to education
HOLY SUNDAY- Víctor Ricardo Sánchez, former Vice Minister of Education, pointed out the need for the organizations that make up the Dominican civil society to follow up on the processes of financing and efficiency of expenses in the education sector, in order to guarantee the improvements that are required in the government management models.
“The reactivation of civil society oversight is relevant to maintain vigilance in financing and in spending efficiency processes, but especially in achieving higher levels of effectiveness in management, in evaluating the impact of the curriculum and the training programs and accountability in actions that generate real value in the education system”, said Sánchez.
His statements were offered during the presentation of his study on "Composition, object and quality of spending on education 2015-2021; impacts and results of 4% in pre-university education” in the National seminar on fiscal policy and the human right to education, organized by the Socio-educational Forum and the Juan Montalvo Center together with INTEC.
During the event, experts analyzed the evolution of budget spending on education together with the tax system of the Dominican State through the research presented.
The study carried out by Sánchez allowed the civil engineering graduate from the Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo (INTEC) evaluate the main needs of the educational field in terms of quality and distribution of resources, including the reactivation of the classroom construction process "until the Extended School Day Program is universalized."
It also recommended that salary increases be associated with the teacher's performance, that agreements with the Teachers' Association be made during the budget formulation stage, and that actions be initiated to achieve the funding levels proposed by the National Development Strategy for the Education function.
The former minister measured the impacts and results achieved with the increase in the pre-university education budget as a result of the commitment to allocate 4% of GDP for education and develop a reform for educational modernization, as established in the National Reform Pact educational.
“Biased” Fiscal Policy and National Budget “Without a Plan”
"Dominican Tax System and fiscal policy between 2015-2021" was the study carried out and presented at the Seminar by the economist Apolinar Veloz, who focused on analyzing the characteristics and trends of the tax system and the relevance of fiscal transformations to improve the quality of the budgetary impact on education.
As a result of the analysis of the investigation, the professor of economics at INTEC and senior researcher at the Dominican Observatory of Public Policies of the UASD, detected shortcomings in the public financial administration, and among them he pointed out that the government lacks a plan for the preparation of a budget.
"You cannot make a budget without a plan," said Veloz while explaining that the budgets prepared between 2015 and 2021 were carried out through "a disorderly process." Likewise, he reiterated the need to make a fiscal risk diagnosis to evaluate possible irregularities; and add a preventive account in the Dominican budget to address fiscal risks, which he stated is not included in the current one.
He questioned the lack of a Fiscal Responsibility Law and fiscal policy in general, the one that intervenes in the economic administration of the State.
"Fiscal policy is biased towards a single sector in the country, and we must make it more participatory and with greater benefits for all," said the economist.
Both investigations arose from the regional actions carried out by the Latin American Campaign for the Right to Education (CLADE), the LATINDADD Economic and Social Justice Network and the Latin American and Caribbean Tax Justice Network (RJFLAC) to achieve the promotion of bigger and better budget for education.
National Seminar on fiscal policy and the human right to education
Socializing the results of both studies and identifying learning, challenges and opportunities that the State and society organizations should take into account, with a view to improving the performance, quality and impact of the Dominican Educational System were the objectives of the event held in the INTEC Social Security Observatory.
The activity had the participation of Magdalena Lizardo, economist and professor at INTEC, and Rolando Reyes, Vice Minister of Planning and Development of the Ministry of Education (MINERD), who were part of the first panel that analyzed the study carried out by the economist Apolinar Veloz.
The representative of the Dominican Association of Teachers (ADP), Miguel Ángel Fernández; and David Lapaix, director of financial programming and economic studies at MINERD, discussed the study on the impacts and results of assigning 4% of GDP to pre-university education, authored by engineer Víctor Sánchez.