Institutions that promote positive masculinities work to overcome patriarchal oppression
The Intersectorial Table of Positive Masculinities, of which the Center for Gender Studies of INTEC is part, organized the "Workshop on Strategies for Positive Masculinities"
SANTO DOMINGO. -The construction and exercise of a different masculinity it's a urgent need of Dominican society for decrease levels of violence and femicides, which place the Dominican Republic at the third level of incidence in the region.
Therefore, the Intersectorial Table of Positive Masculinities of which the Center for Gender Studies of the Technological Institute of Santo Domingo (INTEC), organized the "Workshop on Strategies for Positive Masculinities", in which public and private entities deepened reflections around different contexts of expression of masculinities, with a view to overcoming the patriarchal oppression that affects society.
The activity served as a stage to deepen the importance of social policies for the dismantling of the current paradigm of hegemonic and violent masculinity.
Mariela Jáquez, in charge of Training and Extension of the CEG-INTEC, pointed out that strategies should be designed and implemented that give way to the recognition of diverse forms of masculinities, which distance themselves from the prevailing hegemonic patterns, so that they can contribute changes in gender imaginaries for an accurate and timely institutional positioning that leads to new forms of relationships conceived from men among themselves, between men and women and in society in general.
For Jáquez, in Dominican Republic there is a lack of information y analysis on masculinitiesTherefore claims of investigations take into consideration the defining elements of the construction of masculinities.
"The challenge lies in the requirement both academia and organizations for this issue to take its rightful place and in that way contribute to the positioning of new references of masculinities in the country," Jáquez said.
On his side, Jhoan Almonte, from CEG-INTEC, understood that the expression of violence is not that of men per se, but of the hegemonic masculinity in which they are forged, and that permeates the assignment of traditional social roles.
"The groups or movements of men that should be promoted are those that seek the change towards gender equality and not those that seek to maintain or reproduce patriarchal oppression."
On feminist look, said you should not miss of sight power and occupation of each subject within the system. "Do not blame, but think with responsibilities," said Almonte, who pointed out the need to boost non-hegemonic masculinity exerted in function of a construction towards a non-violent culture.
The specialist identified several types of masculinities, among them: the hegemonic; masculinity as a power, which has a privileged social space and a perpetuation of ties of domination with other men and women; and masculinity as a flight from the feminine, where there is devaluation of the feminine.
For his part, Eduardo Houellemont of the MSP, said that the themes of masculinities must include, in addition to concern for behavior violent of men, the procurement of health services, Self-care of the males themselves and a affective accompaniment towards them and their families.
"It is important that the institutions generate policies that allow the involvement of men in the home and in the upbringing of their children," said Houllemont.
In the meantime, Fernando de la Rosa, from Profamilia, stated that the socialization of violent behavior through music is associated with the ideas and images that the individual absorbs and incorporates into the brain and that naturalizes them throughout their lives, Learning that this type of behavior is normal.
There is a vicious circle between those musical themes that reflect the violence on the part of men towards women and the reinforcement of this problem when being sung. "Violent songs increase feelings of hostility in young people, and those musical themes can be used to educate, problematizing them in the classroom," de la Rosa said.
Contributions and public policies
For construction of positive masculinities, Carlos Campillo, from Ministry of women, understands as necessary a coeducation and legislative changes; modify laws of paternity leave y laws of non-discrimination and equality.
"Promoting the participation of men in the work of unpaid domestic work and the construction of an active fatherhood", are some of the elements to be taken into account, according to Campillo.
On his side, Manuel Campos, of the Ministry of Women, stressed that, for promote public policies with responsibility for equality, it must be encourage the participation of women at all levels, stressing that in that direction the key is in inclusive education, social and political participation y evaluation processes that guarantee the implementation of public policies with a gender perspective.
Among the most relevant policies, Campos identified the policy of citizen security, prevention of violence, protection of sexual and reproductive rights, and the physical and economic autonomy of women.
About the Intersectorial Table
Among the instances that make up the Intersectoral Table of Positive Masculinities gathered at the event: the Ministries of Public Health, Education, of Women, the Directorate of Gender Equity and Development of the Ministry of Education (MINERD), the Program Progressing with Solidarity (PROSOLI) and the Dominican Association Pro Welfare of the Family (PROFAMILIA).
Furthermore, the Institute of Gender and Family Research of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Population Fund of the United Nations (UNFPA), the Pan American Health Organization (OPS), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institute of Health (INSALUD).