UN report records that 82.4 million people were forcibly displaced in 2020
During a virtual meeting held by the Center for Gender Studies of the Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo, Gabriel Godoy, UNHCR Head of Mission, presented the Global Trends Report on Forced Displacement 2020
SANTO DOMINGO. -For 2020 in the world there were Per people that were displaced from their homes by force. From them, 26.4 million were refugees, 48 million internally displaced (within your own country), 4.1 million asylum seekers y 3.9 million Venezuelans displaced abroad.
The figures are contained in the report on Global Trends on Forced Displacement in 2020, of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), which refers that of the 26.4 million refugees, 5.7 million people are refugees under the mandate of the United Nations Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Middle East (UNRWA) and 20.7 million refugees under the mandate of UNHCR.
Gabriel Godoy, head of mission of UNHCR, who presented the document during an event organized by the Center for Gender Studies Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo (CEG-INTEC), pondered that "each of these people are much more than figures, everyone has a face, a name, a story, they are lives, they are families ...".
Commemorating International Refugee Day, Godoy said that UNHCR safeguards the rights and well-being of people who have been forced to flee their country, ensure the right to seek asylum and find a safe haven and seek durable solutions.
Godoy said that more than two-thirds of all the people who fled abroad came from just five countries: Syria (6.7 million), Venezuela (3.9 million), Afghanistan (2.6 million), South Sudan (2.2 million) and Myanmar (1.1 millions). Furthermore, the main host countries are Turkey, with 3.7 million refugees; Colombia, with 1.7 million; Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda (1.4 million) and Germany (1.2 million).
“It is very striking that the main refugees seek asylum not in developed countries, but in developing countries and, especially, it is important for the Latin American and Caribbean region to realize that 20% of the assisted population for UNHCR is in the region, "Godoy said.
The specialist called on civil society, the private sector and Dominican organizations to think about the challenges and responses posed by the rights of refugees. “Let's think about how to strengthen a wide network of care and help to this population, because nowadays all actions matter, and the lives of refugees matter and with the support of each organization we can contribute to the strengthening of a hospitality policy to the people who have been forced to move ”.
For her part, the dean of the INTEC Social Sciences and Humanities Area, Dalul Ordehi, said the activity is carried out with the purpose of knowing, socializing and extending the situations of refugees, which due to the global health crisis has had a higher level of seriousness.
Protection system in the Dominican Republic
Lucy Santana, director of the National Office for Refugees (ONR), explained that the Dominican Republic has a National Commission for Refugees, the body responsible for knowing and deciding on refugee applications, which is made up of the National Department of Investigations. , National Directorate of Migration, the Legal Consultancy of the Executive Power, the Attorney General's Office and the Ministries of Foreign Relations and Labor.
Explaining the refugee protection system in the country, Santana said that an important step that the country took was to include the right to request international protection under the figure of asylum in the Constitutional reform of 2010, which was maintained in the reform. of 2015.
During the virtual activity, moderated by the students of the degree in Social Communication and Digital Media Xiara Paulino and Gabriel Lara, the INTEC students María De La Rosa and Stephanie Manrique presented their research on Ulises Syndrome and migratory mourning in a group of Venezuelan immigrants from the National District.