Expert predicts enrollment in higher education will have a hiatus in the next five years
The President of the OEI Advisory Council, Otto Granados, made the statement when giving a conference organized by INTEC
SANTO DOMINGO. - The president of the Advisory Council of the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture (OEI), Otto Granados, expressed that there is the possibility that in the next five or ten years there will be a pause in the growth of higher education enrollment, which will not be substantially perceived because before COVID-19 there was a high enrollment.
Granados highlighted that, according to a study by the OEI, by 2019 in Latin America there were 30 million undergraduate students, 1 master's, 600,000 in doctorates, and of them 270,000% were young people from low socioeconomic strata.
Granados said that from 89 million students in 1998, it rose to 207 million in 2018 and, with them, a coverage of 50.7% in the typical age range between 18 to 22 years. He pointed out that there is very evident progress as there is greater access to higher education, more access of women to studies, of young people from low-income and middle-class families, and, in addition, more students who graduate.
However, during the virtual conference “From K-12 to Higher Education - The Future that has already reached us"Organized by the Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo (INTEC), Granados affirmed that there are transitions and disruptions in the traditional model of higher education and the training of talent, among them the global demographic transition, transition in knowledge, transition in the training of employable talent towards innovative sectors and the impact of COVID 19.
“This can be seen as a wake-up call, but also as an area of opportunity. To the extent that higher education systems tend to have relatively slow and sometimes bureaucratic governance and decision-making processes, they must find a way to make these adaptations and innovations much more quickly in order to successfully and efficiently prepare for and deal with some of the challenges. these disruptions ”.
He stated that new challenges for education and higher education institutions are framed in that the (physical) campus loses centrality, education competes with other means of transmission and acquisition of information and knowledge, unprecedented findings in neurological and cognitive aspects, the existence of an industrial revolution 4.0 and the tensions and imbalances between the current mission of higher education.
On the challenges for higher education and the development of talent, he mentioned five critical aspects, among them a comprehensive redesign of the educational offer and curricular structure, closer networks and synergies with the economy and labor markets; applied research, innovation and development ecosystem; promotion of technical training and orientation towards productivity, competitiveness and entrepreneurship.
During the conference, the rector of INTEC, Julio Sánchez Maríñez, thanked the speaker for his participation, who is the author of books on education, social sciences and public policies and has received distinctions from Spain and Chile.
He highlighted the important participation of Granados in the diagnosis of higher education in Ibero-America in 2019 carried out by the OEI, a reference document on higher education in the region. In addition, he coordinated a collection of 18 important essays entitled "The education of tomorrow: Inertia or transformation?" that collects concerns and concerns of the trend of recent years and of the experience with the COVID 19 pandemic.
The full conference of Granados is available at the following link: https://youtu.be/-jxNaY5jM4M