Dominicans lose confidence in the institutionality
The most recent Americas Barometer Survey indicates that in the Dominican Republic there is a significant decrease in support for democracy, which fell from an 81.6% in the 2006 to 61.8% in the 2016
SANTO DOMINGO. The most recent Survey of the Americas Barometer “Political Culture of Democracy in the Dominican Republic and in the Americas, 2016/17” indicates that, for last presidential elections, the interviewees reported a 81.2% electoral participation. While the trust in political parties It stands at 20.4%, consolidating downward trend since 2008, when a maximum value of 26.7% was recorded.
The study prepared by the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) of the Vanderbilt University with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), further notes that “the democracia in Latin America and the Caribbean is facing important challenges, which range from bajo confidence level in the elections, matchesand political leadershipor until shortcomings in the offer of public liberties, the fulfillment of the law, citizen security, and a good provision of services. ”
In this sense, the report specifies that party sympathies in the country also decrease; from 2012 to 2016, there was a decline in this variable from 63.4 to 42.4%, although among all the countries in the region, the Dominican Republic ranks second among those with the highest party sympathy.
La civic participationHowever, it has remained relatively stable over time and is among the highest in the region. In the last 10 years, the level of civic participation, which is understood as participation in meetings of religious associations, parents of the school and community improvement, has remained at around 35 points average.
Crime, corruption and justice
In the regional comparison, the Dominican Republic placed in the second position with higher average perception of insecurity, only surpassed by Venezuela. For 45.8% of the surveyed population, the most serious problem of the country refers to matters related to the delinquency and crime. This percentage is much higher than the 29% who indicated that the most serious problem refers to issues related to economy.
The averages in the perception of insecurity in the neighborhood where respondents live have increased from 56.3 points in 2014 to 59.0 in 2016, the highest in the entire decade.
Furthermore, the crime victimization increased in the Dominican Republic almost 10 percentage points from 2010 (16.6%) to 2016 (26.2%). The people most likely to report being victims of crime are: those who live in the most urban areas, those with a higher education level, the youngest and men. In the regional comparison, of the 29 countries surveyed, the Dominican Republic is placed in the sixth position with the highest percentage of crime victimization.
Dominicans perceive the political corruption as a very widespread problem in his country. For 83.9% of the respondents, at least the half of the politicians from the Dominican Republic are involved in the corruption. In corruption victimization, the police and the military top the list of officials asking for bribes.
Additionally, the Trust deposited in the central institutions for the fight against crime and corruption has fallen. Since 2008 there has been a statistically significant decline in public trust in Dominican justice. The trend of a low level of trust in the National Police continued in 2016 with an average trust of only 35.6 points. In the regional comparison, the Dominican Republic ranks 27th with the lowest average trust among the 29 countries surveyed.
To see the full report, you can access: www.lapopsurveys.org